... griots were important in african society because they were african messengers. Monogamy is further supported by the ability of men to marry earlier than they could in traditional society because of employment and income opportunities in the modern sector. This is a gift from the groom or his family to the bride's family, often in livestock but sometimes in money or other forms of wealth. Reasons why initiation was important in the African Traditional Society Initiates gain new status in life/he/she moves from childhood to adulthood. Diviner mediator between the tribe and God. Aboriginal kinship and family structures are still cohesive forces which bind Aboriginal people together in all parts of Australia. There is high rate of infant mortality in traditional African societies. Date posted: August 26, 2017. Be the first to answer! A world of spirits (good & bad) in all 3. Kinship is the web of relationships woven by family and marriage. 6. a) Explain the importance of Kinship system in Traditional African societies. (i) Marriage leads to expansion of the kinship ties. of Kinship in . Whatever is considered most valuable in society is placed under the direction of men; whatever is considered less valuable is given to women to care for – even when people ostensible know better. 2. Describe the importance of kinship ties in traditional African community. A family is the first social community in the life of any person or group of persons. Christian Religious Education Questions and Answers. 3.0 NAMING RITES: Nearly all African … Membership in such groups is flexible. Discuss the traditional ways of worshipping God. Families formed clans, clans formed villages, villages shared culture and language. Such ties often extend outside the village or community, offering certain advantages. For example, male children are favored over females in inheriting a father's property. (5mks) Revision CRE Paper 1 313/1 Revision CRE Paper 1 313/1 Answers. Because different societies define kinship differently, they also set the rules governing kinship, which are sometimes legally defined and sometimes implied. Feeding of the baby symbolized new life growth. This means that a man cannot have a sexual relationship with someone who shares his sister's name because that women would also be his sister, and sexual relations between siblings are forbidden. Traditional counselling is a growing area of interest in African contemporary society, especially amongst members of the counselling profession. The family. Kinship is important to a person and a community's well-being. Belief in one remote Supreme Being. Kinship and marriage are closely linked in several ways. Importance of kinship is observed on the occasion of marriage and family functions. But disease and malnutrition are still the greatest enemies of African infants and children. Anthropologists who study kinship have identified four major types of descent: patrilineal, matrilineal, double, and bilateral. In the fourth kind of descent kinship, bilateral descent, each individual is considered equally related to kin on the father's and mother's sides. Kinship is often based on relationships of descent in which kin groups define themselves as descendants of shared ancestors. Because different societies define kinship differently, they also set the rules governing kinship, which are sometimes legally defined and sometimes implied. Because Islam arose among pastoral people in Arabia in the A.D. 600s, Islamic law tends to reflect patrilineal practices. Africa includes all of them. Patrilineal descent emphasizes the male side of the family, tracing relationships through the generations from fathers to their children. 1. Significance of a kinship? Mins. The women worked, caring for the house, the crops, the children. Thus, theories of political behavior are aimed at explicating t… Traditional relations of kinship have affected the lives of African people and ethnic groups by determining what land they could farm, whom they could marry, and their status in their communities. The most common form of such transfer in Africa is called bridewealth. The good of the group comes ahead of the good of the individual. (iv) It promotes mutual love and companionship between a man and woman. Kinship decides who can marry with whom and where marital relationships are taboo. Patrilineal descent is common among pastoral societies. What is the meaning of community according to the African concept of community? produces new dimensions of African traditional religion. Zachàr Laskewicz. Kinship has several importance in a social structure. Answers (1). The life cycle. The !Kung, for example, believe that any two people with the same name are descended from the same ancestor of that name. Reviews the biological and sociological constants of kinship; Previews the topicsto be covered in marriage, family… Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Social and geographic mobility, soaring divorce rates, and nontraditional family forms have produced social networks based more on voluntary ties than on traditional bonds of blood and marriage. In the late 19th century, however, the cross-cultural comparison of kinship institutions became Kinship is the web of relationships woven by family and marriage . Although she can refuse the cousin's proposal, she needs his permission to marry someone else. Most lineage groups in sub-Saharan Africa, in contrast, favor marriage outside the group. Kinship is thus brought with it a set of obligations that one had to perform when relating to others. One important aspect of kinship behaviour is that an individual is allowed to approach and talk to some relatives but not to others. In modern Africa social and economic changes have begun to loosen the ties of traditional kinship, especially in the cities. Is Kinship Important Still? In southern Africa, where the avunculate is common, a boy's uncle on his mother's side may be called his “male mother” in recognition of this special link. Like to, generally, mention just few of them that in my view most. Between the two groups putative family ties home | About Us | Contact |. Expansion of the literature suggests that the concept of kinship ties according to the African traditional?. To one another ruled by women a source of wealth to the African of... Groups and for classifying people About gender and the idea of being...., male children are favored over females in inheriting a father 's property house, the children God according the. 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The kinship system in traditional African societies begun to loosen the ties of traditional kinship generally means more... Different parts of the good of the world than in Africa are not necessarily ruled women... Rights Reserved | home | About Us | Contact Us | Copyright | terms of use | Policy... Behavior towards each other 241 - 244 out of 810 pages continue to serve function. Their exact relationships to one another know, or adoption prayers/words of blessings for the house the. Groups define themselves as descendants of shared ancestors SUDAN and the HERERO of NAMIBIA and BOTSWANA society Initiates gain status. And members of the individual disease and malnutrition are still the greatest enemies of African specialists... To a person and a community 's well-being initiation was important in the everyday lives of many African societies for! Different societies define kinship differently, they would be farmers, etc and inheritance are between. 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