It comes neatly packaged in a white case and has a "cutter". Agribusiness in Nigeria: Overview & Opportunities (2020) About The Author Abass is a seasoned freelance writer and internet marketer. In Nigeria, chewing sticks are used especially in the rural areas to maintain oral hygiene and to prevent periodontal disease. Majority (70.4%) of the elderly in the study claimed they use chewing sticks to maintain oral hygiene. Use either chewing stick or toothpaste and toothbrush with clean water to clean your teeth everyday. The French were introduced to chewing gum for the first time by the American troops stationed there in 1944. In 1958, the gum's main advertising focus was that of the American Dream. toothbrush. The chewing stick has different names depending on different societies for instance, Miswak, Siwak or Arak is used in Middle East, Miswaki in Tanzania, Datan in India and Pakistan. The experiment involved three types of chewing sticks, four different concentration of extracts, three bacteria and one fungus, and three trials. Tongue cleaning was done by 94.2% with only 9.5% using a tongue cleaner. The operational activities of sawmills, plywood veneer, particleboard and pulp/paper mills in Nigeria were reviewed. Almas also wrote that the chewing sticks could be of great help in developing countries with limited oral health care facilities. Buy Sweets and Chewing Gums on Nigeria's Largest Online Supermarket at Supermart.ng Kids love their candies, anyone who provides the candy will be showered with love from them. Re: "I'm Turning LADIES to Chewing Stick" [Picture] by iLegendd: 9:49pm On Nov 21, 2019 From this 12k I just received a few minutes ago, I'm going to give out 500 recharge card to the first 4 people to drop their numbers and name of their networks. Some are not very hard while The choice of stick depends largely on traditional preference rather than clinical effectiveness. Snail company list , 47 , in Nigeria , include lagos,Abuja,lagos state,ikeja,Port Harcourt,ABIA . The types of tree used for chewing sticks differ from one He is the founder and CEO of Nigerian Finder.com. In-vitro susceptibility tests were done with crude extracts from nine popular sticks on four species of Bacteroides. The first pharmaceutical drug manufacturing company in Nigeria is May & Baker in the 1940s. Basically,the secretion of the hormone ,testosterone, is needed for the expression of sexual characteristics … Any part of the plant could be used. What we know as chewing stick has been rebranded and is now being sold abroad as "organic toothbrush". Benefits of forests. Chewing sticks are of different types and usually bitter. Types of Mill Years Sawmill Plywood mill Particle With the federal government on the road to increase local production of drugs to cater for the growing population, foreign companies are setting up manufacturing plants within the country. The bark bleeds light-brown (sap) when slashed. So im new to chewing on a stick for dental health... i mean my dogs do it. 2520 × 20 m quadrants were laid randomly along the five 1 km line transect and assessed accordingly. - "A survey of the economically valued forest trees and shrubs at the proposed site for an airport in Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria" Corpus ID: 128432861 A survey of the economically valued forest trees and shrubs at the proposed site for an 30 days supply of the toothbrush goes on sale for $15. Chewing sticks are widely used in Nigeria for dental and oral hygiene. I have a hundred dollar tooth brush and all my teeth btw. More preventative than curative, chewing sticks are twigs with frayed ends used to brush the teeth and has health benefits rarely found in toothpaste. This is a small tree with a smooth, green bark/bole bearing rather zig-zag twigs. This effect, together with the abrasive action of the stick fibres, will exert a mechanical cleansing effect on the teeth and gingivae. It is necessary to clean the teeth early in the morning before bathing. Chewing stick was used by 51.7% of respondents in addition to the use of tooth brush. Made up of pharmacists in Nigeria working in the hospital sector, this is another branch of PSN, that is found in 1982. A number of plants are Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development www.iiste.org ISSN 2222-1700 (Paper) ISSN 2222-2855 (Online) Vol.4, No.3, 2013 58 Cost and Returns on Chewing Stick Retail Marketing In Southwest Nigeria Olawumi, A.T 1*, Oluwalana, S.A 2., Momoh, S 3 and Aduradola, A.M 2 Chewing gum is a flavored and sweetened rubber not meant for swallowing. In addition, chewing stick is used for oral care in Nigeria 11). The chewing stick was and is still used by many for dental hygiene. The bitter-tasting roots are popular in Nigeria as chewing sticks. This study assessed the economically valued forest trees and shrubs at the proposed site for an airport in Asaba, Delta State with a view to noting them before the commencement of work in the area. Another advantage is the ready availability in towns or villages. Natural toothbrush sticks can be used by the vast majority of people. Table 1. The chewing stick was and is still used by many for dental hygiene. So i figured since brushing is so destructive to give these a shot... they are very stout and i Serindeia warneckei chewing stick had the greatest and most consistent inhibitory effect on the four species; extracts from bark and pulp were bactericidal at concentrations of less than or equal to 1%. Neem is widely used to provide chewing sticks in the Indian subcontinent,” Almas said in the report, The Antimicrobial Effects of Seven Different Types of Asian Chewing Sticks. i n this work Babalawo Obanifa shall examine different medicinal herbal chewing sticks that is available in Yoruba herbal medicine that can be used as both curative and preventive remedies for Dental and Oral diseases. Chewing sticks are inexpensive and readily available to people in the rural areas (Hemler, 2003). “At the community, we found about 70 per cent of those elderly using chewing stick were actually just chewing it … Nigerian Association Of Academia Pharmacists (N.A.A.P) Launched in 1981, this association is a branch of PSN and comprise of pharmacists that are lecturers in different universities and school of health technologies in Nigeria. (Total number of responses was 837). The use of the plant's root as a chewing stick he said has been found effective in boosting sexual drive in men due to its tendency to boost the blood's testosterone level. The chewing sticks, termed as such due to the need for the user to chew the stick prior to brushing, have been used throughout the Greek, Roman, Jewish and Islamic Empires (Almas, 2001). The pattern of deposit of calculus along the interdental surfaces, mesio and distobuccal surfaces as well as lingual surfaces, question the effectiveness of the chewing stick in cleaning these surfaces. Source of plant materials The chewing sticks selected were obtained from the roots of Terminalia glaucescens and . He uses as a chewing-stick the stems and roots of various plants, some of which are astringent, owing to the tannic acid in them, some bitter, some hot and pungent to … Table 11b: Chewing stick usage in Ghana - 2: Acquisition of chewing sticks by buying (shaded columns) and collecting (open columns). Chewing stick is an affordable oral hygiene device. In some plants, almost every part can be used in one home remedy or another. Medicinal plants in Nigeria are plants used for making home remedies and traditional medicines or what we all know as herbal medicine. While Hollywood now. It also promises to whiten the teeth. The first French chewing gum, it was created in 1952. Introduction Chewing sticks are commonly used as oral hygiene tool in various parts of the world. Mezoneuron benthamianum is a plant that is used locally as a chewing stick in the southwest of Nigeria, but there has been no report on its anticancer properties. More preventative than curative, chewing sticks are twigs with frayed ends used to brush the … Only 20.2% reported regular snacks consumption. Any way, i bought this and miswak. Ever since then, others have join the band wagon. DOI: 10.3923/biotech.2007.97.100 Chewing sticks are made from either the root or the stem of local trees and shrubs. It is used deeply in many cultures (Almas, 1995). 1. Table 11a: Chewing stick usage in Ghana - 1: Frequency of citation of reasons for choice of the usual species of chewing stick. Abstract The impacts of forest industries and wood utilization on the environment were considered. Biotechnology, 6: 97-100. She, nevertheless, said since the chewing stick is being used to clean the teeth, its tuft must be ensured to clean all surfaces of the teeth and the tongue. In vitro Screening of Chewing Stick Extracts and Sap on Oral Pathogens: Immune Compromised Infections. However, T. glaucescens, in common with other types of chewing stick, is bitter to the taste and serves to stimulate the flow of saliva. Abass is a small tree with a smooth, green bark/bole bearing rather zig-zag twigs root or the of. Not meant for swallowing of forest industries and wood utilization on the environment were considered either chewing was. Susceptibility tests were done with crude extracts from nine popular sticks on four species of Bacteroides and is still by. Wrote that the chewing sticks of stick depends largely on traditional preference rather than clinical effectiveness used for oral in! Still used by many for dental and oral hygiene tool in various of... 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