In scientific classification of Bearberry, Family is a main factor. Common name of bearberry cotoneaster is in reference to the fact that bears will feed on the berries in winter in parts of the U.S. ‘Coral Beauty’ is a cultivar which is primarily distinguished from species plants by having: (1) more compact habit; (2) leaves a bit shinier; and (3) … There is an average of 40,900 cleaned seeds per pound. Bearberry is a low growing, evergreen shrub/ground cover species that grows about 20 cm tall. A procumbent shrub 10-30 cm high. [14], There are several cultivars that are propagated for use as ornamental plants. The name of this herb means " bear-grape " in Latin, referring to the fact it is loved by bears, which is also reflected in the alternative name " bearberry." Bearberry, Uva ursi (Arctostaphylos uva ursi) (Linne), which takes its name from the fact that its berries are eaten by bears and other animals, is a low evergreen shrub common to the Northern countries of Europe and America . In fall, the leaves begin changing from a dark green to a reddish-green to purple, becoming pale on the underside. [2] Kinnikinnick (First Nations for "smoking mixture") is a common name in Canada and the United States. [14], One review indicated that ingestion of large doses can cause allergic reactions, with nausea and seizures, as a potential emergency condition. [7] Cautions for use apply during pregnancy, breast feeding, or in people with kidney disease.[6][8]. This attractive and hardy plant is widespread in Canada, found in all provinces and territories and at various elevations, from sea level to sub-alpine. "bear's grape". For these uses, bearberry is taken as a … (2005) "Impact of socio-demographic factors, knowledge and attitude on the use of herbal drugs in pregnancy", "Inhibition of proliferation of human carcinoma cell lines by phenolic compounds from a bearberry-leaf crude extract and its fractions", "Chromatographic Separation of Tannin Fractions from a Bearberry-leaf (Arctostaphylos Uva-ursi L. Sprengel) Extract by Se-hplc – a Short Report", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bearberry&oldid=978469836, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 September 2020, at 03:31. The Blackfeet Indian name for bearberry is kakahsiin; the Salish call the berries skw lsé. The bearberry is a low-lying dwarf shrub, often forming dense mats, with leathery, glossy, small leaves. In southern regions, the bearberry grows in mountainous areas, mostly above the tree line in northern areas it grows far down into the valleys. Mason Muller August 19, 2016 Medicinal plants and their uses No Comments. [2] The smooth, glossy skinned fruits range from 1⁄4 to 1⁄2 inch (6 to 13 mm) in diameter. Colors: Green when young turning to red to pink as mature: Shapes: Rounded, smooth, fleshy or mealy, berry-like fruits about 1/4 to 1/2 inch in diameter that resembles a tiny apple. However, there are no clinical trials demonstrating the safety, efficacy, or toxicity of its use. Bearberry, (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi), also called kinnikinnick, flowering prostrate evergreen shrubs of the heath family (Ericaceae), occurring widely throughout the northern reaches of Europe, Asia, and North America in rocky and sandy woods and in open areas. There are some 14 subspecies,[8] including: For a list of reported North American subspecies and varietals, see USDA Plants Profile. In vitro research supports its use as a urinary antiseptic. Undersides of leaves are lighter green than on the tops. [17] The fruits can be used to make jelly. [2], The name "bearberry" for the plant derives from the edible fruit which is a favorite food of bears. [4], The berries ripen late in the year, and can be eaten raw. The plant's Family is Ericaceae. [2], Bears and other animals eat the berries. Common name: Bearberry, Foxberry, and Kinnikinic Genus: Arctostaphylos Species: uva-ursi Parts used: Bearberry is a low growing evergreen. Bearberries look like lingonberries (Vaccinium vitis-idaea), although they are in no way related. Often called uva-ursi, from the Latin uva, "grape, berry of the vine", ursi, "bear", i.e. Erect branching twigs emerge from long flexible prostrate stems, which are produced by single roots. [2][3][6] In the wild, the fruits are commonly eaten by bears. [15] Uva ursi may cause adverse effects in people with liver or kidney disease, or pregnant and breastfeeding women. [6] Numerous common names exist, depending on region, such as mealberry, sandberry, mountain-box, fox-plum, hog-crawberry, and barren myrtle.[3]. Bearberry, also known as Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, is a low-growing plant native to Asia, Europe, Central and North America.The herb gets its name from one of its biggest fans: bears love to eat the small red berries that grow on … The genus name of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi comes from the Greek words arctos (meaning bear) and staphyle (meaning "bunch of grapes") in reference to the fruits which form grape-like clusters. Make sure this fits by entering your model number. Uva-ursi is another name of the plant with the same meaning (bear's grape in Latin language). [3][6] Native Americans and early pioneers smoked the dried uva-ursi leaves and bark alone or mixed with other herbs, tobacco or dried dogwood bark in pipes. Flesh colors Description. Arctostaphylos uva-ursi is a plant species of the genus Arctostaphylos widely distributed across circumboreal regions of the subarctic Northern Hemisphere. The leaves of the plant are used in herbal medicine. It is commonly found in Europe, Asia, and North America. Bearberry(Uva ursi) Quick Facts; Name: Bearberry(Uva ursi) Scientific Name: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi: Origin: Northern parts of North America, Europe and Asia. The leaves are dark green, leathery, shiny, ovate shaped, alternately arranged, and have entire margins. Bearberries (indigenous kinnickinnick) are three species of dwarf shrubs in the genus Arctostaphylos. Morphology: Evergreen ground cover, 6-12+ inches tall, branches root where they touch the soil, mat-forming. Wild stands of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi can be dense, with heights rarely taller than 6 inches. Additional bearberry Facts: bearberry is a plant species of the subarctic Northern Hemisphere ( 6 to 13 mm in! 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